Industry News

Several factors of transport belt bonding

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Update time : 2022-07-26 11:27:10
In order to ensure the service life of the interface, the interface will not be torn apart when the belt runs off-track. The method shown in (a) can be adopted to solve the problem. That is, according to the running direction of the belt, the mouth is made into/convex 0 shape.
Step production interface step production is the key to cutting. After calculating, measuring and scribing, excess rubber and cloth layers can be removed. When operating, the size of the knife force and the depth of the stroke must be strictly controlled. If you cut too deep, you will damage the fabric layer of the retained part, resulting in partial fracture in the future. On the contrary, it is difficult to remove the excess rubber and cloth layer.
Therefore, this is the key technology of bonding process, must be operated by experienced people or on-site command. After the grinding of the joint surface is torn, the initial match is carried out, and the parts that do not coincide are corrected. Then the grinding of the joint surface should be carried out. The purpose of grinding is to knock off the adhesive rubber on the cloth layer, and wear the cloth layer at the same time, in order to increase the roughness of the cloth layer, increase the bonding area, and lift
Effect of high bonding strength. It is proved by practice that the bonding strength increases with the increase of roughness under certain conditions.
But from the microscopic point of view, if the roughness of the bonding surface is too large, convex and concave phenomenon will occur, which will cause poor contact of the bonding surface, form defects, and reduce the bonding strength. Especially to the poor fluidity of the adhesive, the impact is more significant. Therefore, when grinding, it is necessary to wear off the residual rubber on the cloth layer, and the cloth layer can not be worn through, otherwise it will affect the bonding effect. At the same time, it may also form the hidden trouble of belt joint local fracture.
In addition, keep the bonding surface clean to prevent contamination before bonding. The selection of adhesives and their sizing adhesives are generally bottled, and the curing agent mixed after stirring should be paste. Experience believes that the adhesive used for bonding conveyor belt joints is better to dilute some. As the thin coating is less prone to flow and creep, it is less likely to produce bubbles and defects, and the internal stress at the interface will be less. Therefore, it is beneficial to improve the adhesion of the interface. But when the adhesive layer is too thin, it is easy to form a lack of glue, the coating is not continuous, which can also reduce the bonding strength. So, daub adhesive, should be in the premise of ensuring that there is no lack of glue, coating thickness as thin as possible some better.
The bonding time determines when the two parts of the interface are overlapped, which will directly affect the bonding effect. According to the requirements is after the application of adhesive to non-stick hand can be lap, too early or too late will also cause the reduction of bonding quality. If in summer, the airing time after the joint is coated with 1 glue can not be too long, at this time, the solvent contained in the adhesive volatilizes faster, and the process of curing is shorter. Therefore, hurry up and complete the operation. In winter, the temperature is low and the solvent in the adhesive coating is slow to volatilize. The drying time can be extended appropriately. When necessary, the heating can be assisted to promote the volatilization so as to speed up the progress of the work. When the joint is overlapped, it is necessary to ensure that the center line at both ends of the belt is in the same straight line, and each step is well anastomosed to avoid repeated uncovering and sticking due to dislocation. Once the joints are lapped, start at the center line with a hammer and work both ways. It is best to clamp the joint surface with two flat steel plates and tighten it with bolts. After curing the adhesive, it will be loosened again, so that the bonding effect is better.
Transportation belt bonding operation is difficult and technical, so it is necessary to choose the appropriate interface shape according to different working conditions, reasonably determine the lap length, with high performance, high strength adhesive, through scientific and meticulous operation, to receive the ideal effect.
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1. Shape and structure of rubber conveyor belt
Different types of transport, such as flat, trough, large dip Angle, zigzag and turn transport, box, tube, closed transport, and lift transport, these different transport modes are determined by the transport belt transport capacity, and will be constrained by terrain and environmental conditions, It is the premise of determining the raw material, structure, safety factor and length of the heavy rubber belt tensile body.
2. Selection of raw materials and structure of conveyor belt core
The performance of the conveyor belt and core raw materials, structure and the number of layers is very much related, cotton canvas multi-layer conveyor belt low strength, many layers, easy corrosion, large weight, high energy consumption, nylon conveyor belt high strength, large elasticity, light weight, impact resistance and good tortuous resistance, its groove performance is good, mildew resistance, water resistance and other properties are better than the general conveyor belt of cotton canvas skeleton, Nylon rubber belt can be preferentially selected when the tension stroke can be set longer. Polyester belt core strength is similar to cotton fiber, with all the advantages of nylon belt, its elastic modulus is higher than nylon, elongation is small, good dimensional stability, is a kind of ideal industrial transport belt, and steel wire rope core transport belt with high strength, good grooving, small elongation, Short tension stroke, especially suitable for large volume, high belt speed, long distance transportation requirements.
3. Selection of cover layer
The selection of the cover layer contains the cover data, surface shape and thickness, the main composition of the cover layer is a variety of rubber and plastic, in most climates, rubber belt can work normally under the condition of inclination is not greater than the flat Angle, and the normal operation of the flame retardant transport belt inclination is below 120 degrees, although the main skeleton raw material is not as good as the elasticity of rubber, But it has better flame retardant, discharge and cleaning, and because of the different performance of various rubber is also very big.
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Bucket elevator housing is evenly covered with fixed on the flexible traction member of the hopper, the material into the hopper, through the upward circulation movement of the traction member to achieve vertical lifting transport. The bucket extractor is specially used for conveying powder, granular and small block materials vertically (such as TD/TH/NE type bucket extractor) or inclinately (such as T/L type dewatering pit type bucket extractor), with conveying capacity up to 600t/h and generally lifting height less than 40m; In recent years, due to the development of steel rope core conveyor belt, the strength of traction component has been greatly improved, the conveying capacity has reached 1600t/h, and the lifting height has reached 80m (such as TDG type efficient bucket lifting machine). At present, most of the general bucket lifting machines in China are vertical, and the inclined bucket lifting machine is less used because of its complex structure.
Bucket elevator simple structure, smooth operation, scoop type charging, mixed or gravity unloading, bucket elevator rim using combination sprocket, easy to replace, sprocket rim special treatment long life, such as the lower gravity automatic tensioning device, can maintain a constant tension, avoid slipping or chain, at the same time in the hopper, It has a certain capacity to effectively protect the moving parts, and the material temperature does not exceed 250 ℃.
Characteristics of large dip Angle belt conveyor: large dip Angle belt conveyor has universal belt conveyor mechanism simple, reliable operation, convenient maintenance and other advantages, and has the characteristics of large dip Angle conveying, compact structure, less area, so it is the ideal equipment for large dip Angle conveying and vertical lifting materials. At present, large dip Angle belt conveyor is widely used in coal, food, building materials, metallurgy, electric power, chemical and light industry and other industries. And to the direction of large lifting height, large transportation capacity development, in underground mining and underground construction engineering, open-pit mining, large dump ship machine and other fields have been used. Large dip Angle belt conveyor has the following main characteristics:
1, can be large dip Angle transportation. Its maximum transport Angle can reach 90°. Because of the realization of large dip Angle transportation, the length of the machine is shortened, the area is reduced, and the cost of equipment investment and civil construction is saved.
2. Large conveying capacity. As the conveyor belt has wavy guard, its loading section area increases. Under the condition of the same bandwidth, the conveying capacity of the belt conveyor is 1-2 times higher than that of the ordinary belt conveyor.
3. Small power consumption. Because it can vertically lift materials, it can be used instead of bucket elevator and buried scraper conveyor; And there is no digging resistance or internal and external friction resistance of the material when feeding, so the power loss is small.
4, simple structure, convenient maintenance.
5, stable operation, reliable work, low noise.
6, application: large Angle belt machine is suitable for conveying gravel, limestone, coal, coke, sand, clay, grain, wood chips, sintered materials, etc., its density is 0.5-2.5t/m3, can accommodate the maximum particle size of about 100-250mm materials. The ambient temperature is -19-+40℃. When conveying high temperature materials and acid, alkaline and other materials, should choose special materials of wavy guard conveyor belt.
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Conditions for belt conveyor operators:
You have to have professional training to get on the job. Be familiar with the structure, performance, working principle, communication and control integrated system principle and inspection test method of the belt conveyor used, be able to maintain the belt conveyor, and be able to correctly deal with general faults.
Belt conveyor operation process:
1, in the operation of the operator is strictly prohibited to take the belt conveyor, when in use is not allowed to use the belt conveyor to transport equipment and heavy materials.
2. Check the good condition and fastening condition of all parts before operation, and confirm that there is no problem before formal operation.
3, the belt conveyor motor and switch within 20 meters near the gas concentration in the air reaches 1.5%, must stop working. Cut off power and evacuate personnel.
Belt conveyor equipment maintenance:
1. When the maintenance head is unloading the roller part, the upper mouth of the coal bunker must be strictly blocked.
2. When the belt conveyor is running, it is forbidden to clean the floating coal near the head and tail roller.
3, in the belt conveyor maintenance, troubleshooting or do other work, must close the conveyor control switch, hang up the warning sign, and press the emergency stop button.
4. When dealing with conveyor belt deviation, it is strictly prohibited to contact conveyor belt directly with hands, feet and other parts of the body.
5, often check the belt conveyor tunnel fire and spray dust removal facilities, and keep in good condition.
Safe operation rules of belt conveyor:
1, fixed conveyor should be installed on a fixed basis according to the prescribed installation method. Before the mobile conveyor is officially put into operation,  the wheels should be wedged with triangular wood or braked with brakes. In order to avoid walking in the work, there are multiple conveyor parallel operation, between the machine and the machine, between the machine and the wall should be one meter channel.
2. Before the belt conveyor is used, it is necessary to check whether each running part, belt buckle and bearing device are normal, and whether the protective equipment is complete. The tension of the tape must be adjusted to the right degree before starting.
3, the belt conveyor should be no-load start. Wait for normal operation before feeding. No feeding before driving.
4. When several conveyors run in series, they should start from the unloading end and start in sequence. After all the normal operation, can be put into the material.
5, in the operation of the belt deviation phenomenon, should stop the adjustment, not reluctantly use, so as to avoid wear edge and increase the load.
6. The working environment and the temperature of the material to be delivered shall not be higher than 50℃ or lower than -10℃.
7. No pedestrians or passengers on the conveyor belt.
8. Stop feeding before stopping, and wait for unloading of material on the belt before stopping.
9, belt conveyor motor must be well insulated. Do not pull on the mobile conveyor cable. The motor should be grounded reliably.
10. It is strictly prohibited to pull the belt by hand when the belt slips, so as to avoid accidents.
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Large dip Angle belt machine coating requirements for anti-corrosion coating suitable for cold climate environment, winter should meet the requirements of cold and anti-freezing.
1. Surface treatment requirements
1) The surface of the steel structure of the belt conveyor shall be sandblasted to meet the national standard Sa2.5 level, remove dust, remove oil stains with cleaning agent, keep the bottom surface clean and dry, and then spray anti-rust paint. (The abrasive used is dry quartz sand with a particle size of 0.3 ~ 1.5mm).
2) Welding slag, powder coating, arc dust, residual edge and burr from mechanical processing are not allowed on the surface of welded structural parts.
3) Casting, forging surface uneven or other surface concealer caused by sandblasting to try to smooth, fill or appropriate treatment.
4) The surface of the coating to be recoated should be kept clean, dry and free of any dirt.
5) Where the processing or welding primer is damaged, it should be repainted after the primer, and then the matching medium coat or top coat.
2. Large dip Angle belt machine anticorrosive coating requirements
1.1 Paint film thickness:
Primer: epoxy zinc-rich primer, airless spray, 50μm, recoating interval 2h;
Medium coating: epoxy cloud iron antirust paint, airless spray, 100μm, recoating interval of 10h;
Top coat: acrylic rubber top coat, airless spray, 50μm, recoating interval 4h.
1.2 Requirements:
1) The interval between the metal surface after rust removal and the primer is generally no more than 6h. If rust has been rusted before painting, it should be cleaned or cleaned again.
2) Local airless spraying can not be used, brush coating can be used, brush coating (can be multiple times) film thickness must reach the specified film thickness.
3: corrosion prevention standards
1) The anticorrosion grade of the anticorrosion system shall be above medium, and the thickness of the dry film of the coating shall reach the thickness specified in this Agreement.
2) Preservative life: 5 ~ 8 years.
4: Acceptance standard
1) After surface treatment, the steel surface is almost white, no visible grease, dirt, oxide skin, rust and other sundries.
2) After coating epoxy zinc-rich primer, the standard film thickness is 50μm, the film adhesion is good, no leakage coating, pinhole, bubble, crack, fall off, flow hanging and other defects, the surface is kept dry and clean.
3) After coating the epoxy cloud iron anti-rust paint, the standard film thickness is 100μm, the adhesion between the coatings is good, no leakage coating, pinhole, bubble, crack, fall off, flow hanging and other defects, the surface is kept dry and clean.
4) After coating acrylic top paint, reach the standard film thickness: indoor 100μm, outdoor 200μm, good adhesion between coatings, no color infiltration phenomenon, no bubbles on the surface, flow hanging and other defects, the surface has a certain luster.
5. Detection method
1) Testing instrument: electromagnetic dry film thickness measuring instrument.
2) Detection method: The electromagnetic dry film thickness measuring instrument is used to measure one point every 10m2 and one point every 3 ~ 4m of thin bodies such as pipes. The three-point average is the actual film thickness of the coating, and the three-point error should be less than 20% of the specified standard film thickness.
3) Appearance detection: the appearance of the coating can be observed with the naked eye or a five-fold magnifying glass.
4) The film thickness mentioned above is dry film thickness.